General

Diabetes – What You Need to Know

Diabetes
The high levels of glucose in the blood can damage a number of vital organs, including the heart, eyes, feet, and kidneys. But if you know what to do, you can live a long and healthy life and lower the risks of developing complications. If you have diabetes, you need to know about the following conditions and avoid them as much as possible. If you’re at high risk of developing diabetes, you need to learn about the risk factors associated with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Diabetic complications
Diabetes has many complications. One of the most common is hypoglycemia. This condition causes low blood sugar levels, which can cause the following symptoms: sweating, agitation, weakness, dread and immobility. If left untreated, hypoglycemia can cause brain damage or even coma. It can occur for a number of reasons, including incorrect timing of insulin, inadequate intake of food and lack of exercise.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels stable. Both types of diabetes can cause complications, which can be very serious if not treated promptly. By controlling blood glucose levels and visiting your doctor regularly, you can lower your risk of many of these problems. Diabetes, like any other chronic illness, increases your risk for cardiovascular problems, such as heart attack and stroke. This can result in death. To lower your risk of developing these complications, be sure to visit your doctor as recommended.

In addition to diabetes, neuropathy can occur in the body. Diabetic accelerated lower extremity arterial disease, which is associated with neuropathy, accounts for 60 percent of nontraumatic amputations in the United States. It also increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, which is another major cause of amputations in diabetics. Diabetes also increases the risk of blindness in young adults. Diabetes is also a leading cause of end-stage renal disease, or ESRD. Diabetic ESRD patients have a life expectancy of four years. Diabetic neuropathy is a symptomatic condition and includes different autonomic nerve disorders. This condition can lead to cardiac arrhythmias, erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and nocturnal diarrhea.

Symptoms
Some of the early signs of diabetes are blurry vision and excessive thirst. In addition, you may be more likely to have an infection if you constantly feel hungry, and if you’re not getting enough nutrition from food, you may experience unresolved hunger. As blood sugar levels rise, these symptoms are usually mild, but if left untreated, diabetes can lead to severe complications. Other early symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination and extreme thirst. You may also feel a dry, itchy skin.

Dark patches of skin on the creases of the body may be a sign of diabetes. These patches can be velvety in texture and may be the first signs of diabetes. They may appear gradually and feel like skin tags, and they are indicative of high levels of insulin. Some people with diabetes may have these patches of skin on their abdomen, but they may only be the first signs. If they appear in your body, you should see a doctor right away.

Diagnosis
A confirmed A1C or FPG level greater than 126 mg/dL and 7.0 mmol/L is considered a diagnosis of diabetes. Patients without symptoms may also be diagnosed with diabetes. A repeat glucose test on another day will confirm the diagnosis. Patients with no symptoms may also be diagnosed with diabetes if their test results are within the normal range. Then they should be monitored closely for a year or two.

Another symptom of diabetes is a velvety, dark patch of skin called acanthosis nigricans. It may also be found in skin folds. If you suspect you have diabetes, see your health care provider right away. Hemoglobin A1C levels are the main way to diagnose type 2 diabetes, but the results may be complicated due to hemoglobin variations. To get a more accurate blood glucose level, a healthcare provider may order a blood glucose test.

Treatment
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels. Many complications can develop with diabetes, but they can often be delayed or prevented with diet, physical activity, and medication. Prevention and treatment can also prevent the onset of complications and ensure a healthier life. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or the body does not respond appropriately to it. If left untreated, the disease results in hyperglycemia or elevated blood sugar, which can damage many body systems. Diabetics can experience damage to their blood vessels and nerves, among others.

Diabetes medication comes in many forms and often requires close monitoring of blood sugar levels. Some forms of medication, such as insulin, are administered by injection or through an oral drug. Diabetes medication also requires careful attention to food intake, as quick changes in medication dosages can lead to a “seesaw” effect in the blood sugar levels. While diet and exercise can help you manage diabetes, the most effective treatment is a combination of medications, such as insulin.