Mali’s military junta on Saturday launched two-day national consultations, which are supposed to lead to elections, while the ECOWAS summit will be held in Ghana on Sunday, during which new sanctions can be announced.
What is the first step towards the return of civilian government in Mali? The ruling military council launched national consultations on Saturday, December 11, which the authorities presented as a defining moment in the transitional period that is supposed to lead to elections.
These national re-establishment meetings were opened at the local level, in Segou (Central) for example, we learned from Mayor Nohum Diarra.
They will last two days in the so-called “internal” communes, that is, outside Bamako, said Diarra Raki Tala, vice-president of the National Transitional Council, which acts as the legislative body.
The measures of the various municipalities of Bamako are scheduled to last for two days, starting from December 22nd. The process will be completed from 27-30 December by a national meeting.
These consultations are supposed to lead to recommendations for reforms aimed at tackling the ills of the country, which has been in the midst of turmoil since independence and jihadist rebellions broke out in 2012. But armed groups signatories to a major peace agreement in Mali on Friday denounced their “exclusion” from National meetings.
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The organization “unilaterally by the government excluded the signatory movements” of the so-called Algiers Agreement, as stated in a statement from the Permanent Strategic Framework (CSP), a structure that combines the Coordination of the Azawad Movements (CMA, former rebels), the platform of the movements dated June 14, 2014 in Algiers (known as the Minbar, the Loyalists) and the Coordination of Inclusion Movements (CMI) also formed by former rebels.
“The National Security Committee also notes the exclusion and failure to take into account important players in Mali’s political life,” the press release declared.
The Algiers Accord, signed in 2015 by a coalition of Tuareg, Arab nationalist rebel groups, pro-government armed groups, and the Malian government, is seen as essential to stabilizing the Sahel nation.
Threatening to impose new sanctions
The national consultations opened the day before the ECOWAS Summit. The Economic Community of West African States, which suspended Mali from its decision-making bodies and imposed individual sanctions on members of the transitional authorities and their entourage, should once again examine the political situation in the country. At a previous summit, he threatened to impose additional sanctions in the absence of an electoral calendar.
Mali was the scene of two military coups in less than a year in August 2020 and May 2021. The soldiers had engaged under pressure from the ECOWAS, the mediator, and part of the international community, to hand over power to civilians after the presidency. and legislative elections scheduled for February 2022.
But the authorities eventually told the Economic Community of West African States that they were unable to meet the agreed timetable.
The prime minister appointed by the junta, Shogoel Kokala Maiga, insists that the sessions be held in advance. The government invokes the persistent insecurity in this impoverished and landlocked country, which since 2012 has been handed down to the actions of groups affiliated with Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State, and to acts of violence of all kinds perpetrated by militias and bandits in self-defense. . The regular forces themselves are accused of committing abuses.