India: Farmers break camp after a year of protests

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After the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, decided to respond to the new demands of farmers demonstrating for a year against the government’s agricultural reforms, the demonstrators located near New Delhi ended up dismantling the camp.

Thousands of Indian farmers were packing up and dismantling tent villages on the outskirts of New Delhi on Saturday (December 11) in order to return home after a year of protests against the government’s agricultural policies.

Hundreds of them were dancing and celebrating “victory” on Saturday morning when they raised roadblocks and dismantled makeshift shelters on major highways.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi had parliament voted in November to scrap three land reforms that protesters said would allow private companies to take control of the country’s agricultural sector.

>> To (re) See on FRANCE 24: Focus – India: Angry farmers continue to mobilize against strip liberalization

But the protesters initially refused to leave their camps, and put forward other demands, such as ensuring a fixed minimum price for their agricultural products.

The government has promised to set up a commission on the matter and is committed to stopping the prosecution of farmers who burn crop residues, accused of polluting New Delhi’s air every winter.

Stop criminal proceedings against protesters

The authorities also agreed to pay compensation to the families of hundreds of farmers they said had died during the protests and to halt criminal proceedings against the protesters.

Narendra Modi’s agrarian laws were passed in September 2020 to allow farmers to sell their produce to buyers of their choice, rather than resorting exclusively to state-controlled markets to guarantee a minimum support price (PSM) for some foods.

>> Read also: India: Prime Minister Narendra Modi is changing the face of his agricultural reforms

Many small farmers opposed it, believing that they were threatened by such liberalization which, according to them, risked being forced to sell their goods to large corporations.

Après des manifestations dans le Punjab et le Haryana, dans le Nord, des dizaines de milliers d’agriculteurs s’étaient dirigés parties vers la capitale, ou ils avaient été violemment repoussés par la police, déux de impasse dé year.

This farmers’ movement was the biggest crisis facing the Modi government since it came to power in 2014.

with AFP

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