General

Type 2 Diabetes – Learn More About Diagnosis and Treatment Options

You can fight diabetes by controlling your intake of sugary foods and drinks. To learn more about Type 2 Diabetes, keep reading. Here you will learn about Diagnosis and Treatment options. In addition, you will learn about Insulin resistance and how to prevent diabetes. By following these tips, you can help keep your blood glucose levels under control. So, get started today! Just remember to consult your health care provider before beginning any exercise regimen. You should start small and build up to a reasonable goal. You should also try to eat healthier foods. Eating smaller portions, choosing foods with less fat and drinking water often are some ways to lower the number of calories you take in. Moreover, you should also avoid drinking sweetened beverages.

Avoiding sugary foods and drinks
Avoiding sugary foods and drinks is vital for people with diabetes. These foods are full of carbohydrates and low in nutritional value. They cause high spikes in blood glucose and promote weight gain. Furthermore, sugary foods and beverages are linked to heart disease and stroke. Even if you read nutrition labels, it is often impossible to identify what types of sugar have been added. Hence, you should avoid sugary foods and drinks and opt for healthy alternatives such as fruit juice and water.

Free sugar is hidden in many foods. Breads, pasta sauces, tomato ketchup, baked beans and even yogurts contain hidden sugar. Sugary drinks, sugary desserts and sugary drinks also contribute to weight gain. Instead of these, choose healthier snacks, such as natural yogurt mixed with a few chopped nuts or a small amount of fruit. You can also substitute sugar with artificial sweeteners.

Insulin resistance causes type 2 diabetes
Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, is essential for regulating blood glucose levels and preventing the accumulation of sugar. It releases in response to the intake of food and keeps glucose levels in control. However, some people develop insulin resistance, which prevents them from effectively using this hormone. As a result, glucose builds up in the bloodstream, causing it to increase and cause symptoms of type 2 diabetes.

To understand what happens to your body when you become insulin resistant, you should remember that you cannot change your genes or family history. However, you can make lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, quitting smoking, and increasing physical activity. By following these steps, you will improve your body’s sensitivity to insulin, which will help you avoid or control type 2 diabetes. If you are concerned that you have insulin resistance, you should consult with a physician.

Treatment options
One of the most common treatments for type 2 diabetes is the use of insulin. However, the best insulin for type 2 diabetes is the one that you can take at home. Often, insulin is not enough to treat this condition, so your doctor may want to consider using GLP-1 mimetics. These drugs slow the emptying of the stomach, helping you feel full longer. Moreover, GLP-1 drugs have been shown to reduce your risk of heart disease. These drugs are available as add-ons to other treatments, such as metformin or sulfonylurea. You may need to take insulin at least once a day, but they are effective for achieving glucose control when the first two options are not sufficient.

There are other treatment options for type 2 diabetes, like dietary changes and increasing physical activity. Although many people can manage the disease through diet and regular exercise, they will still need medicines to control their blood sugar levels. These medicines can be in the form of pills or shots injected under the skin, including insulin. Some people may require multiple medications, but most will eventually only need insulin. You may have to change your insulin dosage according to your blood sugar levels, so you should always ask your doctor for a prescription before you begin taking any new medication.

Diagnosis
Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is generally made through blood tests, which measure the level of glucose in the blood. Many people find out they have diabetes when they take routine health screening tests. A quick test such as an in-office finger stick can tell a doctor if you have the disease. Other tests check fasting glucose levels and the A1c level. High levels indicate diabetes. If any of these symptoms are present, you should visit your doctor.

In most cases, the diabetes is caused by insulin resistance. This happens when the body is no longer able to recognize the glucose in the blood and use it as energy. When the body’s cells don’t receive adequate insulin, they begin to store the glucose as glycogen, which is stored in the liver. In type 2 diabetes, insulin-producing beta cells stop working as effectively, and blood glucose levels rise. The body’s cells become resistant to insulin, leading to a high blood sugar level.